3D printing technology, also known as additive manufacturing technology, is an emerging manufacturing technology based on a digital model, where materials are stacked layer by layer to create solid objects, reflecting the close combination of information network technology with advanced material technology and digital manufacturing technology, and is an important part of advanced manufacturing. For all shape customization and personalized products, 3D printing technology is showing great advantages.
In this article, we will analyze the prospects of 3D printing from the industry development direction, industry space, and market environment.
Industry development direction
The emergence of 3D printing technology is first of all an innovation in production methods, solving the traditional casting end and its inability to solve the problem. Thinking from a broader level, 3D printing technology is a revolution. 3D printing technology can be applied to meet the customized needs of consumers and by combining it with the Internet, Internet of things, and intelligent logistics, it is possible to catalyze a new production mode and business model. Golden Carpet Data Center believes that in the next 5-10 years, 3D printing will develop in the following directions.
(1) The variety of 3D printing materials becomes more
The increase in materials is the inevitable trend of 3D printing technology development. Recently, a variety of new 3D printing materials will appear every once in a while. The research and development cycle of these materials is gradually shortened, the frequency of release is gradually increased, and the variety of 3D printing materials is bound to become more and more.
(2) Printer sales growth
In 2014, the global 3D printer shipments were 108,151 units. And in the next few years, 3D printer shipments will increase greatly. The reason is the faster rate of innovation within the 3D printing industry and the continued emergence of devices with civilian prices.
(3) Better, faster and cheaper
Entrepreneurs are flocking to 3D printing from all sides. The future of 3D printing will not only be a new way to print, scan, and share content, but it will also increase the precision, scale, and better selection of printing materials. And the cost of printing will also decline. Overall, functional materials will enter the market, and there will be more advanced printing procedures. The future will see more advanced 3D printers come to market. Some startups will also develop faster and cheaper 3D printing devices.
Industry Development Space
3D printing industry chain division and materials and technologies
At present, 3D printing technology is still in the technology development stage: also due to the limitation of technology, 3D printing is still less involved in new business models. The entire 3D printing market can be divided into upstream 3D printing raw materials, midstream 3D printer manufacturing, downstream 3D printing services, and peripheral technical training.
For a more mature industry, the downstream demand often drives the upstream supply, which in turn drives the peripheral products; while the technology is still in development, the market is still to be developed 3D printing industry, and the situation is different. Namely, the development of 3D printing is still constrained by the development of raw materials for 3D printing and the development of 3D printer technology. Available raw materials, to a large extent, determine the corresponding available 3D printing technology, which in turn determines the relevant products that can be applied to what field; certain areas, although also in line with customization, personalization, and other characteristics, because its corresponding raw materials can not be processed under the existing 3D printing technology, the market can not be released. For example, aluminum alloy is currently the most widely used structural material, but currently, only 1-2 kinds of aluminum alloy can be used for 3D printing. According to the different raw materials used, 3D technology can be divided into metal 3D printing, polymer 3D printing, ceramic 3D printing, biological 3D printing, and so on. Among them, metal 3D printing technology mostly belongs to the industrial level, and its barriers are much higher than polymer 3D printing; while ceramic and biological 3D printing technology is still mostly in the research and development state. It can be said that in the 3D printing industry, the material determines the technology, and the technology determines the application field.
In the future, we should increase the development of 3D printing industry technology and materials to make 3D printing technology more applicable in various fields of society and promote the rapid development of various industries.
National strategic support
At present, the world attaches great importance to the additive manufacturing industry, and the annual sales revenue of the global additive manufacturing industry will exceed 200 billion yuan in 2020, with an average annual growth rate of more than 30%. Key core technologies have reached a high-speed development level, process equipment basically meets the needs of industrial applications, ecological system construction is significantly improved, large-scale applications are realized in some fields, and international development capacity is significantly enhanced.
(1) industry regulation to strengthen the standardized development of the industry
With the rapid development of the industry, the industry developed into a new stage, the regulatory efforts continue to enhance. The future to promote the standardized development of the industry as well as to maintain market order is the introduction of some heavyweight policies.
(2) Intelligent and convenient
As 3D printing technology is more and more commonly used in clothing, design, and live production, users use a better experience to promote this technology. Intelligent and convenient equipment is a guarantee of popularity.
(3) Additive manufacturing technology accelerates the integration of related technologies
A new round of science and technology and industrial revolution is sprouting globally, and countries around the world are taking additive manufacturing as a new growth point for future industrial development, promoting the accelerated integration of additive manufacturing technology with information network technology, new material technology, and new design concepts.
In science education, industrial manufacturing, product creativity, industrial art, etc., there is a wide range of application prospects and great commercial value, while 3D printing technology to the direction of low-cost, high precision, and high performance.
Industry Market Analysis
From 2017-2020, the global scale of the 3D printing industry increases year by year, and the global overall growth rate prompted the 3D industry to increase globally. According to CCID data, the 3D printing industry scale in 2019 is 157.5 billion yuan, an increase of 31% year-on-year; in 2020, although affected by the new crown pneumonia epidemic in the early stage, the late strong economic rebound, the industry is growing rapidly, the global shipments of 3D printing equipment doubled, the preliminary estimate of the industry scale exceeded 200 billion yuan, reaching 205 billion yuan.
At this stage, 3D printers are mainly divided into consumer grade and industrial grade. Industrial-grade 3D printers are faster and more accurate and are widely used in aerospace, automotive manufacturing, medical and other fields. At present, industrial-grade 3D printers in the global 3D printing market structure, from the sales revenue accounted for far more than consumer-grade 3D printers.
According to data analysis, although the share of consumer-grade 3D printers in terms of sales revenue is less than that of industrial-grade 3D printers, they account for a significant portion of market shipments. With the continuous maturity of artificial intelligence technology, consumer-grade 3D printers are gradually becoming known and attracting a lot of attention from enterprises and consumers. According to data, the size of the consumer personal fee-grade 3D printer market grew rapidly from 2012-2018. It is expected that in 2019, the market size of personal consumer-grade 3D printers will further grow beyond 2 billion yuan.
From the introduction of 3D printing technology to the present, the innovation and upgrade of technology have been deepening. With the breakthrough of CAD/CAM technology and the rapid development of the computer Internet industry, 3D printing will have a more profound impact on production life. 3D printing development is both an opportunity and a challenge, only staying at the technical level of development is far from enough, should be in the transformation of industrial models, promotion of technological innovation, and other aspects to do enough work, so that 3D printing technology better for manufacturing innovation and transformation to provide new development Power.